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Common health problems during pregnancy

by Dr. Mani Kapoor

May 24, 2021

There is a possibility of complications in every pregnancy. You might be having issues as a result of a health problem you had before you became pregnant. During your pregnancy, you may acquire a problem. Other factors that might create complications during pregnancy include having more than one child, having had a health condition during a prior pregnancy, using drugs while pregnant, or being over 35 years old. Any of these things might have an impact on your health, your baby's health, or both.

Pregnancy complications are health issues that arise during the course of a woman's pregnancy. They may affect the health of the mother, the infant, or both. Some women have health issues that develop during pregnancy, while others have health issues that might lead to difficulties before they get pregnant. To reduce the risk of pregnancy problems, it is critical for women to seek medical attention both before and throughout pregnancy. Symptoms and problems associated with pregnancy can range from minor annoyances to serious, even life-threatening diseases. It might be difficult for a woman to distinguish between typical and abnormal symptoms.

Physical and mental disorders that impact the mother's or baby's health are examples of problems that might arise during pregnancy. Pregnancy can either cause or exacerbate these issues. Many issues are minor and may not escalate; but, when they do, they may cause harm to the mother or her child. Keep in mind that issues that arise during pregnancy can be dealt with in a variety of ways. If you have any concerns during your pregnancy, please contact your prenatal care provider.

The following are some of the most frequent maternal health issues or difficulties that a woman can have throughout her pregnancy -

Anemia

Anemia is a condition in which the number of healthy red blood cells is lower than usual. The quantity of healthy red blood cells can be restored by treating the underlying cause of anemia. Anemia caused by pregnancy can make women feel fatigued and weak. Taking iron and folic acid pills can assist with this. Throughout your pregnancy, your health care practitioner will monitor your iron levels.

Urinary tract infection (UTI)

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a bacterial infection of the urinary system. If you experience discomfort or burning when using the bathroom, you may have a UTI. Fever, exhaustion, or shakiness. A strong desire to use the restroom often. There's a lot of pressure in your lower tummy. Urine that has a foul odor and is hazy or reddish in appearance. Nausea or back discomfort are two common symptoms.

It's important to consult your doctor if you suspect you have a urinary tract infection. By analyzing a sample of your urine, he or she can determine if you have a UTI. Antibiotics, which destroy the infection, will usually make it better in one or two days. Some women have bacteria in their bladders but don't show any signs or symptoms. If this is the case, your health care provider will likely test your urine early in pregnancy and treat you with antibiotics if required.

Mental Health Conditions

During or after pregnancy, some women develop depression. The following are some of the signs and symptoms of depression:
  1. A gloomy or depressed state of mind.
 2. Loss of enthusiasm for enjoyable activities.
 3. Appetite, sleep, and energy levels fluctuate.
 4. Problems in thinking, concentration, and decision-making.
 5. Feelings of inadequacy, humiliation, or remorse Feelings as though life isn't worth living.

When several of these symptoms appear at the same time and continue for more than a week or two, it is most likely depression. Depression during pregnancy can make it difficult for a woman to care for herself and her unborn child. Depression before pregnancy is also a risk factor for postpartum depression. Getting therapy is critical for both the mother and the baby. If you have a history of depression, it is critical to address it with your health care practitioner early in pregnancy so that a management plan may be developed.

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

A pregnant woman and her baby are at risk of complications if their blood pressure is poorly regulated before and during pregnancy. Preeclampsia, placental abruption (when the placenta separates from the uterine wall), and gestational diabetes are all linked to it. Preterm delivery, having an infant too tiny for his or her gestational age, and infant death are all risks for these women.

The most essential thing you can do is talk to your doctor about your blood pressure issues before you are pregnant so that you can get proper medication and management of your blood pressure before you get pregnant. Before, during, and after pregnancy, it is critical to get therapy for high blood pressure.

Obesity and Weight Gain

According to recent research, the overweight a woman is before she becomes pregnant, the higher her chance of pregnancy problems such as preeclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus, stillbirth, and cesarean delivery. Obesity during pregnancy has also been linked to greater use of health care and physician services, as well as longer hospital stays for delivery, according to CDC studies. Women who reduce weight before becoming pregnant are more likely to have healthier pregnancies.

Infections

Many diseases, such as the common cold or a passing stomach virus, are shielded from your baby during pregnancy. However, certain illnesses can damage you, your baby, or both of you. Simple precautions, such as hand washing and avoiding specific foods, can help you avoid illnesses. You may not always be aware that you have an infection, and you may not even feel ill. Consult your healthcare professional if you suspect you have an infection or are in danger.

HIV, viral hepatitis, STDs, and tuberculosis (TB) infections can affect pregnancy and have significant implications for a woman, her pregnancy, and her infant. Many negative consequences can be avoided with early detection and treatment of these diseases, as well as vaccines against viruses like hepatitis B and the human papillomavirus.

Hyperemesis Gravidarum

During the first three months of pregnancy, many women experience nausea or vomiting, sometimes known as "morning sickness." The fast rise in blood levels of a hormone called HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin), which is produced by the placenta, is thought to be the cause of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. Hyperemesis gravidarum, on the other hand, happens when a pregnant woman experiences intense, continuous nausea and vomiting, which is more severe than "morning sickness." This might result in weight loss and dehydration, and treatment may be required.

You can join the Garbh Sanskar Program (Prenatal Parenting Program) for having a baby as per your desires, and many congratulations for this wonderful phase of your life.

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